The Temple Mount and the Haram al-Sharif are considered holy sites by Muslims and Jews, and Israel has used the compound to build a wall separating the two areas.
As a result, most of the Israeli government buildings and much of the city’s infrastructure, including its main train station, are on the Mount.
Some buildings remain on the Hilltop compound, including the Al Aqsa Mosque, which the Israeli authorities have been trying to demolish.
On Tuesday, the Temple’s Dome of the Rock was blown up by Israeli forces.
The destruction came hours after Israel demolished the mosque’s dome in response to a protest from Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas.
But the destruction of the Dome of Rock was also a blow to the peace process, as Israel had promised to make a major reconstruction of the site after the demolition of the Al-Aqsa mosque.
Israel demolished Al-Haram al-Harim mosque in 2000, which was demolished in 2012.
The Temple is home to the third-holiest site in Islam and the Dome has been the site of a tense standoff between Israel and the Palestinians since the 1967 Six-Day War.
A group of Arab Muslims is calling on the Palestinians to make an immediate, unconditional and unconditional peace agreement, which is considered a precondition for the two sides to restart peace negotiations.
The group said Tuesday that the Palestinians should “immediately cease their violence against the Temple and the holy places of Islam.”
They should immediately return the Holy Temple, which they say is the rightful custodian of the property, to the Muslim Brotherhood, and they should cease their efforts to create a Palestinian state on the occupied Palestinian territories.
The PA and the Islamic Waqf of Jerusalem, the Muslim authority that oversees the Temple, have also threatened to take legal action against the Israeli demolition.
The two sides have not yet reached an agreement to restart the peace talks.